Family Tyrant-flycatchers (Tyrannidae)

Least Concern

Sad Flycatcher (Myiarchus barbirostris)


Taxonomy

French: Tyran triste German: Jamaikaschopftyrann Spanish: Copetón jamaicano
Taxonomy:

Tyrannula barbirostris

Swainson

, 1827,

“Mexico”; error = Jamaica

.

Closely related to M. tuberculifer; in phylogenetic analysis of mtDNA#R, found to be closest to races platyrhynchus, nigricapillus and one Ecuadorian sample (identified as atriceps) of that species. Responds to playback of M. tuberculifer voice, but platyrhynchus does not respond to voice of present species. Monotypic.

Distribution:

Jamaica.

Descriptive notes

16·5–17 cm; 11·5–16·2 g. Relatively small Myiarchus with dark crown, broad bill, little or no rufous in tail. Has crown and auriculars smoky olive-brown... read more

Voice

Single “huit” note identical to that of M. tuberculifer; whistle heard in dawn song not... read more

Habitat

Primarily lowland and montane evergreen forests and woodland, from sea-level to 2000 m; scarcer in... read more

Food and feeding

Small insects. Sallies from perches 3–9 m above ground to snatch prey from leaves; often returns to same perch.

Breeding

Few data. Season Apr–Jun. Nest constructed of vegetation, placed in cavity such as woodpecker (Picidae) hole, or under house eaves;... read more

Movements

Range contracts to middle elevations in non-breeding season.

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Restricted-range species: present in Jamaica EBA. Common and widespread. Not known whether recent habitat change has constricted the... read more

Recommended citation

Joseph, L. (2019). Sad Flycatcher (Myiarchus barbirostris). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from https://www.hbw.com/node/57497 on 24 June 2019).