Family Toucans (Ramphastidae)

Near Threatened

Saffron Toucanet (Pteroglossus bailloni)


French: Araçari de Baillon German: Goldtukan Spanish: Arasarí banana

Ramphastos Bailloni


, 1819,

no locality = Brazil


Formerly placed in monotypic genus Baillonius; has been allied with Andigena, and even placed within that genus. Recent phylogenetic study, however, found this species to be deeply embedded within Pteroglossus, being most closely related to P. inscriptus, with P. bitorquatus sister to the two#R; this generic placement supported by subsequent molecular study, which found present species to be sister to P. viridis and P. inscriptus#R. Monotypic.


E Brazil (Pernambuco; Bahia, Espírito Santo and adjacent Minas Gerais S to W & NE Santa Catarina and extreme N Rio Grande do Sul) to EC Paraguay and NE Argentina (N Misiones).

Descriptive notes

35–39 cm; female c. 129·8–168·6 g. Highly distinctive. Male saffron-yellow, gold and olive, with rump red; culmen and most of bill horn with obvious... read more


Extensive repertoire: song (only by male?) a series of 12–15 loud “teeee-up”... read more


Moist subtropical forest, generally on slopes and beside streams; also edges, and in secondary and... read more

Food and feeding

Mainly fruits, such as those of Cecropia, Ficus, Euterpe, Eugenia uniflora, Melia azedarach,... read more


Jun–Jul in far N, Dec–Apr in most of range. Details little known. Probably nests in pairs, excavating old woodpecker hole. Male... read more


Probably moves to fruiting trees outside home range; possibly also some downslope movement after... read more

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened. CITES II. Currently considered Near Threatened. Nowhere common, but is quite inconspicuous, and numbers possibly underestimated. In hills of mainly... read more

Recommended citation

Short, L.L. & Kirwan, G.M. (2019). Saffron Toucanet (Pteroglossus bailloni). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 11 December 2019).