Family Tyrant-flycatchers (Tyrannidae)

Near Threatened

Salinas Monjita (Xolmis salinarum)


French: Pépoaza des Salinas German: Weißnacken-Nonnentyrann Spanish: Monjita salinera

Xolmis rubetra salinarum

Nores and Yzurieta

, 1979,



Formerly treated as conspecific with X. rubetra, but differs markedly in plumage, habitat and migratory habits#R; in past, these two were occasionally placed in Neoxolmis. Monotypic.


NC Argentina in Salinas Grandes and Salinas de Ambargasta (E La Rioja, extreme S Catamarca, SW Santiago del Estero and NW Córdoba).

Descriptive notes

16·5 cm. Male has prominent white supercilium; crown rufous, back rufous-brown, rump greyish-white; wings black, greater and median wing-coverts edged greyish-white,... read more


Call notes are a soft "pik", often followed by some lower-pitched nasal mellow... read more


Semi-open scrubby vegetation on salty soils; 100–200 m.

Food and feeding

Diet unknown, probably insects. Usually in pairs; also small flocks of up to 50 individuals during austral winter. Mainly terrestrial, but... read more





Status and conservation

Not globally threatened. Currently considered Near-threatened. Locally uncommon to fairly common. Found in small numbers throughout year N of San José de las Salinas, near... read more

Recommended citation

Farnsworth, A., Langham, G. & Boesman, P. (2019). Salinas Monjita (Xolmis salinarum). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 14 December 2019).