Family Typical Antbirds (Thamnophilidae)


Salvadori's Antwren (Myrmotherula minor)


French: Myrmidon de Salvadori German: Salvadoriameisenschlüpfer Spanish: Hormiguerito de Salvadori

Myrmotherula minor


, 1864,



Often grouped with similarly plumaged species in the “grey antwren assemblage” (see M. axillaris). Close relationship to M. schisticolor and M. sunensis suggested by similarities in morphology, behaviour and vocalizations. Specimens from SW Amazonia tentatively assigned to present species by earlier authors, but identity of these requires substantiation, including further field studies and vocal and molecular analysis; may represent a distinct species. Monotypic.


Coastal SE Brazil, mainly in Serra do Mar (S Rio de Janeiro, São Paulo) and highly fragmented from SE Bahia S to extreme NE Santa Catarina; also old records from E Minas Gerais.

Descriptive notes

9 cm; one female 6·4 g. Tail short. Male is grey, paler below, throat and centre of upper breast black; wing-coverts blackish, tipped white, tail with black sub­terminal... read more


Loudsong unusually complex for genus, 1–3 clusters of rapidly delivered, jumbled notes,... read more


Understorey and mid-storey of lowland and foothill evergreen forest and mature secondary woodland;... read more

Food and feeding

Little published. Feeds on insects, probably also spiders. Closely associated pair-members, individuals, or family groups forage 1–12... read more


Little known. In Espírito Santo (Augusto Ruschi Biological Reserve), adults watched in Oct as they repeatedly carried food into site c. 1·5... read more


Presumed resident.

Status and conservation

VULNERABLE. Restricted-range species: present in Atlantic Forest Lowlands EBA. Uncommon to rare, and entire population considered to be at risk owing to loss of habitat.... read more

Recommended citation

Zimmer, K. & Isler, M.L. (2020). Salvadori's Antwren (Myrmotherula minor). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 26 February 2020).