Family Guans, Chachalacas, Curassows (Cracidae)

Least Concern

Salvin's Curassow (Mitu salvini)


French: Hocco de Salvin German: Salvinhokko Spanish: Paují culiblanco

Mitua salvini


, 1879,

no locality = eastern Ecuador


All members of this genus have been placed, together with the members of Pauxi, and less often Nothocrax, in Crax. Genetic data suggest that present species is most closely related to M. tuberosum and Pauxi unicornis#R; reported as marginally sympatric with M. tuberosum at some localities in Peru. Range meets that of M. tomentosum in C Colombia, but without any evidence of interbreeding. Monotypic.


SC Colombia (S from S Meta and W Caquetá), E Ecuador and NE Peru (in Amazonas and Loreto).

Descriptive notes

75–89 cm; 3100 g. Bill deep and laterally compressed, larger than M. tomentosum but not massive. Well-developed crest usually carried depressed. Plumage less... read more


Song can be repeated for periods of up to 30 minutes, usually from an elevated perch and mainly at... read more


Humid terra firme forest on plateaux and ridges, and riparian successional vegetation, but... read more

Food and feeding

Mainly fallen fruits and seeds, but apparently has rather broad overall diet comprising in adults 70% fruits, 10% seeds and 20% other items... read more


During study in Macarena Mts, Colombia, birds seen to associate in pairs year-round, and appear to have overlapping home ranges with loose... read more


No information available; presumably sedentary. Studies of an habituated pair in Tinigua National... read more

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Few records from Colombia, although apparently occurs regularly in areas well away from human settlements; fairly common in Macarena... read more

Recommended citation

del Hoyo, J. & Kirwan, G.M. (2020). Salvin's Curassow (Mitu salvini). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 22 February 2020).