Family Pigeons, Doves (Columbidae)

Least Concern

Samoan Fruit-dove (Ptilinopus fasciatus)


French: Ptilope de Samoa German: Samoafruchttaube Spanish: Tilopo de Samoa

Ptilinopus fasciatus


, 1848,

Samoan Islands


Belongs to the large species-group centred on P. purpuratus (which see); within this, forms part of the subgroup centred on P. porphyraceus. In recent years considered conspecific with P. porphyraceus, also incorporating P. ponapensis and P. hernsheimi, but here considered a full species. Differs from ponapensis in having blurry black bar on mid-belly with dull rust-brown upper belly patch vs broad brown-tinged black blurry patch covering same area (2); more yellow on lower belly patch (2); narrower yellowish tail-tip (2); greyer, less yellow-shot breast, mantle and hindcrown (ns[1]); longer wing (effect size 1.73, score 1). Differs from hernsheimi in having blurry black bar on mid-belly (2); dull rust-brown upper belly patch (3); more yellow on lower belly patch (ns[1]); tail-tips yellowish vs strong yellow and broader (2); longer wing (effect size 2.58, score 2). Proposed race graeffei (Wallis and Futuna) and Niuafo’ou (N Tonga) are probably hybrid populations of present species × P. porphyraceus. Monotypic.


Samoa and American Samoa. Also Wallis and Futuna, and Niuafo’ou (Tonga), where populations are probably hybrid.

Descriptive notes

22–24 cm. Sexes alike. Resembles formerly conspecific P. ponapensis (see Taxonomy), but is larger, has a lilac cap, greyer head and neck contrasting with green... read more


A vocal species, but song rather variable, although characteristic, involving both bisyllabic and... read more


A forest species. Reportedly scarce in disturbed areas of Tutuila (American Samoa), where it is... read more

Food and feeding

Frugivorous, with diet probably including berries of Ficus, Guettarda, Dysoxylum, Myristica, Rhus... read more


Probably breeds year-round; on Tutuila (American Samoa), juveniles seen in Jan, Feb, Apr–July, Sept and Dec. Nest is a fragile platform of... read more


Probably sedentary, but records from Namua and Apolima in Samoa possibly represented visitors from... read more

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Has suffered from intensive hunting in Western Samoa, at least in the past, in part due to its tameness, and is most abundant in... read more

Recommended citation

del Hoyo, J., Collar, N., Kirwan, G.M. & Garcia, E.F.J. (2020). Samoan Fruit-dove (Ptilinopus fasciatus). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 19 February 2020).