Family Starlings (Sturnidae)

Least Concern

Samoan Starling (Aplonis atrifusca)


Taxonomy

French: Stourne de Samoa German: Samoastar Spanish: Estornino de Samoa
Taxonomy:

Lamprotornis atrifusca

Peale

, 1848,

Upolu, Samoa

.

Monotypic.

Distribution:

Samoan Is, occurring in Samoa (Savaii and Upolu) and American Samoa (Tutuila, Ofu, Olosega and Tau).

Descriptive notes

30 cm; 125–158 g. Large starling with longish square-ended tail and strong bill. Forehead, crown and nape are dark brown with violet-green iridescence, mantle brown... read more

Voice

Calls monosyllabic, include harsh screech and softer whistles, also rasping and squeaking notes.... read more

Habitat

Primarily coastal vegetation and plantations, also lower forests, especially when partially logged... read more

Food and feeding

Diet mainly fruit, especially guavas (Psidium), bananas (Musa) and papayas (Carica papaya); also invertebrates.... read more

Breeding

Season probably at least Mar–Jul. Nest in hole in tree, one 10 m up in hole in top of coconut palm (Cocos nucifera). Eggs... read more

Movements

Resident.

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened. Restricted range species: present in Samoan Islands EBA. Common. Numbers on Tutuila fell by c. 66% in early 1990s following a hurricane. Considered... read more

Recommended citation

Craig, A. & Feare, C. (2019). Samoan Starling (Aplonis atrifusca). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from https://www.hbw.com/node/60849 on 20 August 2019).