Family Vireos (Vireonidae)


San Andres Vireo (Vireo caribaeus)


French: Viréo de San Andrés German: San-Andrés-Vireo Spanish: Vireo de San Andrés

Vireo caribaeus

J. Bond and Meyer de Schauensee

, 1942,

San Andrés, south-west Caribbean


Sometimes treated as conspecific with V. griseus or with V. pallens, but differs significantly in plumage and vocalizations. Monotypic.


San Andrés I (E of Nicaragua), in SW Caribbean.

Descriptive notes

12·5 cm; 8·6-10 g, mean 9·3 g. Has partial eyering and broad area above lores yellowish; otherwise dull greenish-grey above, becoming brighter and more greenish on lower back... read more


Unusual among vireos in having three song types, including specific courting-song. Simplest type... read more


Various types of bush and woodland, including mangroves, sparse dry woodland with cocoa plantations... read more

Food and feeding

Food includes both insects and fruit. Unusually for a vireo, fruit appears to form a significant proportion of nestling diet; in one study... read more


Nesting late Mar to Jun, with most starting in Apr, i.e. before rainy season, so that nestlings reared at time of maximum food abundance;... read more



Status and conservation

VULNERABLE. Restricted range species: present in San Andrés Island Secondary Area. Has probable population of between 8200 and 14,800 individuals; total suitable area... read more

Recommended citation

Brewer, D. (2019). San Andres Vireo (Vireo caribaeus). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 25 April 2019).