Family Kingfishers (Alcedinidae)

Least Concern

San Cristobal Dwarf-kingfisher (Ceyx gentianus)


French: Martin-pêcheur de San Cristobal German: San-Cristobal-Zwergfischer Spanish: Martín pigmeo de San Cristóbal

Ceyx gentiana


, 1836,

Makira Harbour, Makira, Solomons


Until recently considered a race of C. lepidus (which see), but molecular analysis suggests species status#R and this is supported by morphological evidence: present species differs from all other taxa formerly grouped under Variable Dwarf-kingfisher in its all-white underparts and white loral spot (4); relatively prominent black breast sides (1); pale orange vs coral-red (or in meeki pale yellow) feet (2). Monotypic.

What do (1) and (2) mean? Learn more about the scoring system.

Makira (San Cristobal), in E Solomons.

Descriptive notes

14 cm; 22–24·8 g. A small, striking brilliant blue-and-white kingfisher, the ‘oddball’ of the C. lepidus species complex. Hefty, all-black dagger-like bill, blue... read more


A high-pitched single whistle, usually given in flight but also while perched, “tzzeep”, can be... read more


Forested habitats, especially old-growth forest, not necessarily near watercourses and may tolerate... read more

Food and feeding

No data, beyond insect parts found in stomach contents.


Only data involves a nest (undescribed) in Dec and females collected in breeding condition in late Nov and early Dec.



Status and conservation

Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Restricted-range species: endemic to Solomon group EBA. Overall range is small (3200 km²). During fieldwork in 1990, this species was... read more

Recommended citation

del Hoyo, J., Collar, N., Kirwan, G.M. & Sharpe, C.J. (2019). San Cristobal Dwarf-kingfisher (Ceyx gentianus). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 21 October 2019).