Family Larks (Alaudidae)

Least Concern

Sand Lark (Alaudala raytal)


French: Alouette raytal German: Uferlerche Spanish: Terrera raytal

Alauda raytal


, 1845,

Lucknow, India


See A. somalica and A. rufescens; has been treated as a race of latter, but differs in morphology, song and habitat choice. Named race vauriei, known only from type locality in NE India (Palasbari, in Assam), included in nominate. Race adamsi intergrades with nominate in N India (Haryana). Three subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • A. r. adamsi (A. O. Hume, 1871) – SE Iran, Pakistan and NW India (Punjab, Haryana, NW Gujarat).
  • A. r. raytal (Blyth, 1845) – N India (E from Haryana to Arunachal Pradesh), Nepal, Bangladesh and C & S Myanmar.
  • A. r. krishnakumarsinhji (Vaurie & Dharmakumarsinhji, 1954) – Bhavnagar, in S Gujarat (W India).
  • Descriptive notes

    12–13 cm. Small, pale lark with comparatively long, slender bill, relatively short tail, distinct primary projection. Nominate race has pale greyish-white supercilium;... read more


    Song, mainly in high flight, rather short (usually 2–4 seconds), dry, rattling, slightly... read more


    Mainly dry, sandy riverbanks and islands in rivers. Race adamsi also occurs in sandy areas... read more

    Food and feeding

    Food poorly known. Small snails (of genera Planorbis and Corbicula), other invertebrates; also seeds, especially of ... read more


    In nominate race, season Feb–May, chiefly Mar and Apr; adamsi apparently breeds from mid-Mar to mid-May and, after good... read more



    Status and conservation

    Not globally threatened. Locally common; no estimates of population size. Common in Pakistan, locally common in N India and Nepal, and fairly common but very local in Bhutan... read more

    Recommended citation

    Alström, P. (2020). Sand Lark (Alaudala raytal). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 24 February 2020).