Family Larks (Alaudidae)

Least Concern

Sand Lark (Alaudala raytal)


Taxonomy

French: Alouette raytal German: Uferlerche Spanish: Terrera raytal
Taxonomy:

Alauda raytal

Blyth

, 1845,

Lucknow, India

.

See A. somalica and A. rufescens; has been treated as a race of latter, but differs in morphology, song and habitat choice. Named race vauriei, known only from type locality in NE India (Palasbari, in Assam), included in nominate. Race adamsi intergrades with nominate in N India (Haryana). Three subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • A. r. adamsi (A. O. Hume, 1871) – SE Iran, Pakistan and NW India (Punjab, Haryana, NW Gujarat).
  • A. r. raytal (Blyth, 1845) – N India (E from Haryana to Arunachal Pradesh), Nepal, Bangladesh and C & S Myanmar.
  • A. r. krishnakumarsinhji (Vaurie & Dharmakumarsinhji, 1954) – Bhavnagar, in S Gujarat (W India).
  • Descriptive notes

    12–13 cm. Small, pale lark with comparatively long, slender bill, relatively short tail, distinct primary projection. Nominate race has pale greyish-white supercilium;... read more

    Voice

    Song, mainly in high flight, rather short (usually 2–4 seconds), dry, rattling, slightly... read more

    Habitat

    Mainly dry, sandy riverbanks and islands in rivers. Race adamsi also occurs in sandy areas... read more

    Food and feeding

    Food poorly known. Small snails (of genera Planorbis and Corbicula), other invertebrates; also seeds, especially of ... read more

    Breeding

    In nominate race, season Feb–May, chiefly Mar and Apr; adamsi apparently breeds from mid-Mar to mid-May and, after good... read more

    Movements

    Resident.

    Status and conservation

    Not globally threatened. Locally common; no estimates of population size. Common in Pakistan, locally common in N India and Nepal, and fairly common but very local in Bhutan... read more

    Recommended citation

    Alström, P. (2018). Sand Lark (Alaudala raytal). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from https://www.hbw.com/node/57663 on 18 August 2018).