Family Sandpipers, Snipes, Phalaropes (Scolopacidae)

Least Concern

Sanderling (Calidris alba)


Taxonomy

French: Bécasseau sanderling German: Sanderling Spanish: Correlimos tridáctilo
Taxonomy:

Tringa alba

Pallas

, 1764,

coast of North Sea

.

Formerly placed in monospecific genus Crocethia; has been included in Ereunetes. Often treated as monotypic, but separation of race rubida appears to be justifiable#R. There are low genetic differences, however, between birds from NE Greenland and C Siberia#R. Two subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • C. a. alba (Pallas, 1764) – extreme N Canada (Ellesmere I), Greenland and Svalbard to Severnaya Zemlya Is and Taymyr Peninsula; winters on coasts of W & S Europe, Africa E across S parts of Asia to Australasia and some tropical Pacific islands.
  • C. a. rubida (J. F. Gmelin, 1789) – NE Siberia (Lena Delta and New Siberian Is), Alaska (small numbers) and N Canada (except Ellesmere I); winters on coasts of E Asia and from C North America to S South America.
  • Descriptive notes

    19–21 cm; 40–110 g; wingspan 35–39 cm. Chunky, medium-sized Calidris with shortish, thickish bill; intensity of coloration variable, with head,... read more

    Voice

    On the breeding grounds, calls include short nasal piping notes in loose series, a nasal descending... read more

    Habitat

    High Arctic barren stony tundra supporting scant vegetation with well drained ridges and sparse... read more

    Food and feeding

    On breeding grounds, insects, mainly adult and larval Diptera, occasionally beetles and Lepidoptera; also spiders and crustaceans and... read more

    Breeding

    Laying Jun to mid-Jul. Monogamous; occasionally polyandrous. High degree of breeding site fidelity. Solitary; density up to 13·7... read more

    Movements

    Long distance migrant. Seems to be restricted to few stopover sites along flyways; highly faithful... read more

    Status and conservation

    Not globally threatened (Least Concern). North American winter population comprises probably 100,000–200,000 birds; most numerous small shorebird on beaches of South... read more

    Recommended citation

    Van Gils, J., Wiersma, P. & Boesman, P. (2019). Sanderling (Calidris alba). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from https://www.hbw.com/node/53923 on 25 April 2019).