French: Grue du Canada German: Kanadakranich Spanish: Grulla canadiense
Hudson Bay, Canada
Subspecies and Distribution
A. c. canadensis
(Linnaeus, 1758) – Arctic and subarctic North America and E Siberia; winters in SW USA and NC Mexico.
A. c. rowani
(Walkinshaw, 1965) – subarctic Canada from British Columbia E to N Ontario; winters on Texas coast of Gulf of Mexico, and in SW USA and NC Mexico.
A. c. tabida
(J. L. Peters, 1925) – five breeding populations in mid-continental North America from Vancouver I to Great Lakes region; winters in S USA (from California to Georgia and Florida) and in NC Mexico.
A. c. pulla
(Aldrich, 1972) – SE Mississippi, in S USA.
A. c. pratensis
(F. A. A. Meyer, 1794) – SE Georgia and Florida, in S USA.
A. c. nesiotes
(Bangs & Zappey, 1905) – Cuba and I of Pines.
Up to 120 cm; mean weight ranges from male 3750 g and female 3350 g in canadensis, to male 5390 g and female 4300 g in tabida; wingspan 160–210 cm.... read more
Calls are loud, low-pitched and rattling.
Mainly in open wetlands, shallow marshes and wet meadows. During breeding season, the three... read more
Food and feeding
Omnivorous. Diet highly varied depending on season and location; common items include tubers, corms, berries, acorns, waste corn and other... read more
Generally in spring, but more variable in S races: Apr–Jun in N populations; Mar–Apr in Mississippi; mainly Jan–Mar in... read more
Southern races pulla, pratensis and nesiotis are... read more
Status and conservation
Not globally threatened (Least Concern). CITES II. Global population increasing and estimated at well over 600,000 birds, making it the most abundant of all cranes. The... read more
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