Family Kingfishers (Alcedinidae)

Critically Endangered

Sangihe Dwarf-kingfisher (Ceyx sangirensis)


French: Martin-pêcheur des Sangir German: Talaudzwergfischer Spanish: Martín pigmeo de las Sangihe

Ceyx sangirensis

A. B. Meyer and Wiglesworth

, 1898,

Tubakan, Sangihe Besar


Hitherto considered conspecific with C. fallax, but differs on account of its significantly larger size (10%#R) (allow 2); much more extensive blue-spotted black crown, with larger blue spots and area covering frons, supercilium and mantle (none of these areas in fallax) (2); royal-blue vs shining turquoise rump and uppertail-coverts (2); much brighter rufous dorsal area and wing-coverts (blackish-rufous in fallax) (2). Monotypic.


Islands N of Sulawesi: Sangihe (possibly extinct#R); and, in past, perhaps also Talaud#R.

Descriptive notes

13 cm. Tiny forest-dwelling kingfisher with bright red bill, blue-speckled black crown extending down to eye, lilac cheeks, white neck patch, white throat and orange... read more


Apparently unknown.


Presumed to be (or have been similar) to C. fallax, thus the interior of lowland primary... read more

Food and feeding

Nothing known, though diet presumably similar to marginally better known C. fallax.


Wholly unknown.


Presumably sedentary.

Status and conservation

CRITICALLY ENDANGERED. Restricted-range species: known with certainty only from Sangihe I and present in Sangihe and Talaud EBA. It is unclear whether it has been recorded on... read more

Recommended citation

del Hoyo, J., Collar, N., Kirwan, G.M. & Sharpe, C.J. (2019). Sangihe Dwarf-kingfisher (Ceyx sangirensis). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 17 November 2019).