Family Typical Owls (Strigidae)

Least Concern

Sangihe Scops-owl (Otus collari)


French: Petit-duc des Sangir German: Sanghile-Zwergohreule Spanish: Autillo de la Sangihe

Otus collari

Lambert and Rasmussen

, 1998,

Sangihe Island, Indonesia


Probably part of a species-group centred on O. manadensis (which see). Original specimens, collected in 1866 and 1867, thought to be of same species as O. manadensis. Subsequent authors placed it very tentatively with O. magicus, though without critical examination of specimens, and more recently again with O. manadensis, still without real knowledge of vocalizations or morphology. Later, in 1996, photographs and taped vocalizations revealed some differences from both O. manadensis and O. magicus; despite strong similarities to some individuals of O. manadensis, sufficient and constant morphological and vocal differences support treatment as separate species#R. Monotypic.


Sangihe I, N of Sulawesi.

Descriptive notes

c. 20 cm; one male 76 g. Rather small (wing length 158–166 mm), generally brownish scops-owl with moderate-length ear-tufts, relatively long tail and long, narrow wings... read more


High-pitched, downslurred, fluty whistle, “kleeeeer”, c. 0·7–0·8... read more


Forest, mixed plantations, secondary growth; also agricultural areas with trees and bushes. From... read more

Food and feeding

No information.


No information.


Presumably resident.

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened (Least Concern). CITES II. Appears fairly widespread and relatively common within single-island range (within Sangihe and Talaud EBA), with records... read more

Recommended citation

Holt, D.W., Berkley, R., Deppe, C., Enríquez Rocha, P., Petersen, J.L., Rangel Salazar, J.L., Segars, K.P., Wood, K.L. & Marks, J.S. (2020). Sangihe Scops-owl (Otus collari). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 25 February 2020).