Family White-eyes and Yuhinas (Zosteropidae)

Critically Endangered

Sangihe White-eye (Zosterops nehrkorni)


French: Zostérops des Sangir German: Sangihe-Brillenvogel Spanish: Anteojitos de la Sangihe

Zosterops nehrkorni

A. W. H. Blasius

, 1888,

Sangihe Island


Formerly considered conspecific with Z. atrifrons, but re-examination of the single type specimen (previously thought to have been lost) and recent field observations indicate clear differentiation, particularly in coloration of bill and legs, measurements and some other characters; differs also in song and in being restricted to pristine habitats at higher altitudes. Monotypic.


Mt Sahendaruman and adjacent Mt Sahengbalira, on Sangihe I, N of Sulawesi.

Descriptive notes

10·5–12 cm. Has black forehead and forecrown, contrasting sharply with bright golden-olive of rear crown; upperparts rich yellowish olive-green (paler than Z.... read more


Song sounds thinner, more tinkling and less warbling than that of Z. atrifrons, and having... read more


Primary ridgetop (low-stature) forest and broadleaf-trophophyllous hill rainforest, with... read more

Food and feeding

Insects. Forages in groups of three, in dense canopy and subcanopy; gleans leaves.  


Singing by three birds in Feb strongly suggests breeding or pre-breeding activity. No other information.  


Presumed sedentary.  

Status and conservation

CRITICALLY ENDANGERED. Restricted-range species: present in Sangihe and Talaud EBA. Rare. Had been known only from a single specimen, collected in late 1886, but rediscovered... read more

Recommended citation

van Balen, B. & Sharpe, C.J. (2019). Sangihe White-eye (Zosterops nehrkorni). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 16 September 2019).