Pueblo Viejo, 8000 feet [c. 2440 m], Colombia.
Until recently considered conspecific with C. rubiginosus, but differs in its highly distinctive song, a rapid series of 4–6 notes vs a nasal upslurred note, sometimes preceded by an introductory note, hence length of note ten times shorter (4), number of notes 3–4 times more (3), suggesting that an alternative generic placement may be appropriate#R, even though in plumage there appear to be no characters that constantly separate it from all races of rubiginosus; it may however forage much more on the ground than from trunks and branches#R. Recent genetic analysis#R indicates that it is sister-species of C. rubiginosus, the two being sister to C. erythrocephalus. Monotypic.
Santa Marta Mts, in N Colombia.
Food and feeding
Status and conservation
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