Family Wrens (Troglodytidae)

Critically Endangered

Santa Marta Wren (Troglodytes monticola)


French: Troglodyte des Santa Marta German: Santa-Marta-Zaunkönig Spanish: Chochín de Santa Marta

Troglodytes monticola


, 1899,

Páramo de Chiruqua, 15,000 feet [c. 4570 m], Santa Marta Mountains, Colombia


Frequently treated as a race of T. solstitialis, although morphologically closer to T. ochraceus; relationships with other montane congeners of Middle and South America uncertain, and no DNA analysis yet undertaken. Monotypic.


Upper elevations in Santa Marta Massif, in N Colombia.

Descriptive notes

11·5 cm. Has buffy supercilium, buffy-white eyering; crown and upperparts rufous-brown, lower back, primaries and secondaries barred blackish; rectrices brown, transversely... read more


No documented information on song; call, constantly given, a characteristic “di-di”.


Edges of elfin forest, tree-line scrub, páramo; 3200–4800 m.

Food and feeding

No data on prey items. Forages from ground to middle levels; joins mixed-species flocks.


No information.


Apparently sedentary; not known if altitudinal movements occur.

Status and conservation

CRITICALLY ENDANGERED. Restricted-range species: present in Santa Marta Mountains EBA. Extremely rare and local. Known from collections made in 1922 in an area rarely visited... read more

Recommended citation

Kroodsma, D., Brewer, D. & Sharpe, C.J. (2019). Santa Marta Wren (Troglodytes monticola). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 23 July 2019).