Family Pigeons, Doves (Columbidae)


Sao Tome Green-pigeon (Treron sanctithomae)


French: Colombar de Sao Tomé German: Sao-Tomé-Grüntaube Spanish: Vinago de Santo Tomé

Columba S. Thomae

J. F. Gmelin

, 1789,

São Tomé


On basis of differences in cere colour, it seems most appropriate to consider present species as being closest to T. australis (which see), T. calvus and T. pembaensis. Monotypic.


São Tomé; formerly also on nearby I das Rôlas.

Descriptive notes

c. 30 cm. Similar to dull-coloured forms of T. calvus, differing most notably in its heavy, strongly arched bill and small cere; head, neck and most of underparts... read more


Not well documented. On basis of single available recording, full phrase consists of an initial... read more


Mainly in primary forest, but also occurs in secondary forests and plantations to 1600 m; commonest... read more

Food and feeding

Frugivorous, usually found high (above 12 m) in the canopy, feeding on banana, Ficus and Musanga fruits. It is unknown... read more


Breeds from late Nov until Apr/May. A slight, loosely constructed platform of twigs. The only nest described was located 2·5 m up in... read more


Generally sedentary but makes local elevational movements.

Status and conservation

ENDANGERED. Recently uplisted from Vulnerable. Long extinct on Isla das Rôlas, where exterminated as a result of forest destruction. A 1990 survey found that it was... read more

Recommended citation

Baptista, L.F., Trail, P.W., Horblit, H.M., Boesman, P. & Garcia, E.F.J. (2019). Sao Tome Green-pigeon (Treron sanctithomae). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 15 December 2019).