Family Pigeons, Doves (Columbidae)

Vulnerable

Sao Tome Green-pigeon (Treron sanctithomae)


Taxonomy

French: Colombar de Sao Tomé German: Sao-Tomé-Grüntaube Spanish: Vinago de Santo Tomé
Taxonomy:

Columba S. Thomae

J. F. Gmelin

, 1789,

São Tomé

.

On basis of differences in cere colour, it seems most appropriate to consider present species as being closest to T. australis (which see), T. calvus and T. pembaensis. Monotypic.

Distribution:

São Tomé; formerly also on nearby I das Rôlas.

Descriptive notes

c. 30 cm. Similar to dull-coloured forms of T. calva, differing most notably in its heavy, strongly arched bill and small cere; head, neck and most of underparts... read more

Voice

Not well documented. On basis of single available recording, full phrase consists of an initial... read more

Habitat

Mainly in primary forest, but also occurs in secondary forests and plantations to 1600 m; commonest... read more

Food and feeding

Frugivorous, usually found high (above 12 m) in the canopy, feeding on banana, Ficus and Musanga fruits. It is unknown... read more

Breeding

Breeds from late Nov until Apr/May. A slight, loosely constructed platform of twigs. The only nest described was located 2·5 m up in... read more

Movements

No information.

Status and conservation

VULNERABLE. Long extinct on I das Rôlas, where exterminated as a result of forest destruction. Still frequent to common on São Tomé in all forested... read more

Recommended citation

Baptista, L.F., Trail, P.W., Horblit, H.M. & Boesman, P. (2018). Sao Tome Green-pigeon (Treron sanctithomae). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from https://www.hbw.com/node/54302 on 18 January 2018).