Family Monarch-flycatchers (Monarchidae)

Least Concern

Sao Tome Paradise-flycatcher (Terpsiphone atrochalybeia)


French: Tchitrec de Sao Tomé German: Stahlparadiesschnäpper Spanish: Monarca de Santo Tomé

Tchitrea atrochalybeia

T. R. H. Thomson

, 1842,

São Tomé




São Tomé.

Descriptive notes

18 cm (excluding male’s elongated central tail feathers, which project 7–11·5 cm beyond others); one male 12·2 g. Distinctive. Male is wholly glossy... read more


Calls are a low grinding and rasping “jaaajaaajaaa…” or faster “jejejejeje... read more


Primary forest and secondary forest, plantations with shade trees, clearings, dry woodland, wooded... read more

Food and feeding

Insects, mainly beetles (of families Nitidulidae and Curculionidae), also bugs (Hemiptera), flies (Diptera) and lepidopterans; banana... read more


Season Jul–Jan, mainly Nov–Dec. Monogamous; solitary, territorial. Nest a neat, compact cup, core layer made of dry... read more



Status and conservation

Not globally threatened. Restricted-range species: present in São Tomé EBA. Common and widespread on the island; greatest density 125 birds/km². Has recovered from apparent... read more

Recommended citation

Moeliker, K. (2019). Sao Tome Paradise-flycatcher (Terpsiphone atrochalybeia). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 21 January 2019).