French: Gobemouche saphir German: Saphirschnäpper Spanish: Papamoscas zafiro
Three subspecies recognized.
Subspecies and Distribution
F. s. sapphira
(Blyth, 1843) – E Himalayas from E Nepal E to S China (SE Xizang E to Sichuan and N Yunnan), NE India (S to S Assam, Meghalaya, Manipur, Mizoram) and N & E Myanmar.
F. s. laotiana
(Delacour & Greenway, 1939) – S China (W Yunnan), N & C Laos and NW Vietnam (W Tonkin); non-breeding also NW Thailand.
F. s. tienchuanensis
Cheng Tsohsin, 1964 – NC China (S Gansu, S Shaanxi and WC & S Sichuan).
10–12 cm; 7–8 g. Small, delicate, slim and small-billed flycatcher, male with blue upperparts. Male nominate race breeding has bright ultramarine-blue forehead,... read more
Song a series of short rattles introduced by several thin or high-pitched notes, “tssyi tchrrrt,... read more
Moist evergreen broadleaf hill and montane forests, breeding at 2100–2800 m in Himalayas and... read more
Food and feeding
Diet not well known, but includes small invertebrates and larvae. Usually solitary or in pairs, but joins mixed-species flocks in winter.... read more
Season end Apr to Jun. Nest a large cup-shaped strucure of moss, plant fibres, lichens, fern stems and a few feathers, placed in depression... read more
Migratory. Altitudinal migrant, moving to lower levels in winter; those of nominate race breeding... read more
Status and conservation
Not globally threatened. Fairly common to uncommon in N Indian Subcontinent; rare in China. Uncommon in Myanmar, Laos and and N Vietnam.
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