Family Pigeons, Doves (Columbidae)

Least Concern

Sapphire Quail-dove (Geotrygon saphirina)


Taxonomy

French: Colombe saphir German: Saphirtaube Spanish: Paloma perdiz zafiro
Taxonomy:

Geotrygon saphirina

Bonaparte

, 1855,

River Napo, Ecuador

.

Until recently treated as conspecific with G. purpurata; the two were often separated in monospecific genus Osculatia. Differs from G. purpurata in having a white spot on median tertial (2);  grey-green vs indigo mid-crown to nape, with indistinct white/grey border vs sharp white/indigo forecrown/mid-crown border  (3); line of hindcrown also  grey-green crown shading into pinkish-bronzy nape and mantle vs sharply divided from nape(3);  back purplish-tinged  vs royal blue-tinged(ns[1]); “different” voice#R, with main song-type having consistently longer single notes#R (at least 1); iris colour also stated to be different#R.Two subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • G. s. saphirina Bonaparte, 1855 – E Ecuador to SE Peru (Cuzco) and extreme W Amazonian Brazil (Amazonas); probably also SE Colombia (Amazonas, Putamayo).
  • G. s. rothschildi (Stolzmann, 1926) – known only from Cadena in Marcapata Valley (SE Peru).
  • Descriptive notes

    22–26 cm; 139·4–199 g. White on forehead, throat and below eye; conspicuous purple-black malar stripe extending below and beyond ear-coverts; crown dark... read more

    Voice

    Song is a two-note monotonous “hu..huuuuu” or “ca..whooooo”, the first note much shorter than the... read more

    Habitat

    Occupies undergrowth and ground level of lowland and montane evergreen, forests, often in hilly... read more

    Food and feeding

    No good data available. Probably takes seeds and small invertebrates. Apparently strictly terrestrial; typically occurs singly, or in well-... read more

    Breeding

    Little known. Three nests found in E Ecuador in Mar–Apr 2005 were stick and rootlet platforms, 1·7–3 m up in shrubbery,... read more

    Movements

    Presumably sedentary.

    Status and conservation

    Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Nevertheless, generally regarded as uncommon and very locally distributed, and in Brazil is known solely from around Benjamin... read more

    Recommended citation

    Baptista, L.F., Trail, P.W., Horblit, H.M., Kirwan, G.M. & Boesman, P. (2018). Sapphire Quail-dove (Geotrygon saphirina). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from https://www.hbw.com/node/54244 on 19 October 2018).