Family Parrots (Psittacidae)

Least Concern

Sapphire-rumped Parrotlet (Touit purpuratus)


French: Toui à queue pourprée German: Purpurschwanzpapagei Spanish: Cotorrita purpurada

Psittacus purpuratus

J. F. Gmelin

, 1788,



Two subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • T. p. viridiceps Chapman, 1929 – S Venezuela (S from Cerro Duida) into N Brazil on upper R Negro, and W to SE Colombia, E Ecuador and NE Peru.
  • T. p. purpuratus (J. F. Gmelin, 1788) – S Venezuela (E from Cerro Duida) through the Guianas to N Brazil (including lower R Negro) E as far as Maranhão.
  • Descriptive notes

    17–18 cm; 54–66 g. Crown olive brown, rest of head and underparts green; back and wings slightly darker green, with dusky brown scapulars forming V on folded... read more


    Most common calls are nasal and almost goose-like, e.g., “ah-ney” or “nyaah-eh”, given both perched... read more


    Montane evergreen forest in tepuí region, reaching to 1400 m, otherwise tropical lowland... read more

    Food and feeding

    Recorded feeding on fruit of Ficus, Clusia grandiflora, Pouroma guianensis, Astrocaryum aculeatum ... read more


    Mar in Venezuela; Apr and Nov in the Guianas; female excavating nest in Nov, Colombia. This nest was a hole in a dead tree in flooded... read more



    Status and conservation

    Not globally threatened (Least Concern). CITES II. Uncommon, never in large numbers, but inconspicuous and therefore perhaps underrecorded. Recorded since 1991 in NE Peru,... read more

    Recommended citation

    Collar, N., Bonan, A., Boesman, P. & de Juana, E. (2020). Sapphire-rumped Parrotlet (Touit purpuratus). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 1 April 2020).