Family Hummingbirds (Trochilidae)

Least Concern

Sapphire-throated Hummingbird (Lepidopyga coeruleogularis)


Taxonomy

French: Colibri faux-saphir German: Blaukehlkolibri Spanish: Colibrí gorjizafiro
Taxonomy:

Trochilus (——?) cœruleogularis

Gould

, 1851,

David, Chiriquí, Panama

.

Has been considered closely related to Juliamyia, and sometimes placed therein. Recent study, however, indicates that this species probably belongs in Amazilia#R. L. lilliae sometimes regarded as a race, morph or age stage of present species. Race confinis occasionally considered synonymous with nominate. Three subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • L. c. coeruleogularis (Gould, 1851) – Pacific slope of W Panama from Chiriquí to Canal Zone; recently recorded in extreme S Costa Rica, near Panama border#R.
  • L. c. confinis Griscom, 1932 – E Panama (mainly Caribbean slope of Darién) and adjacent NW Colombia.
  • L. c. coelina (Bourcier, 1856) – N Colombia from N Chocó through Ciénaga Grande to Santa Marta.
  • Descriptive notes

    8·5–9·5 cm; 3·9–4·3 g. Male has straight short bill, maxilla black, mandible pinkish, tipped black; upperparts shining green, coppery... read more

    Voice

    Presumed song a high-pitched metallic rattle initiated by a separate note, “wi-didididididididididi... read more

    Habitat

    Shrubby vegetation, open groves, forest edge, mangroves, coastal lowland up to 100 m in Santa Marta... read more

    Food and feeding

    Nectar of flowering shrubs and trees like Leguminosaceae and Myrtaceae. Arthropods are gleaned from branches and leaves, and occasionally... read more

    Breeding

    Jan–Mar (Panama, N Colombia), but nests have also been found in Jul (Colombia). Small, deeply-cupped nest is built openly in forks of... read more

    Movements

    Sedentary; local altitudinal dispersal likely to occur.

    Status and conservation

    Not globally threatened. CITES II. Common resident in coastal Darién (Panama) and Santa Marta region (Colombia). Readily accepts man-made habitats. Part of range... read more

    Recommended citation

    Schuchmann, K.L. & Boesman, P. (2018). Sapphire-throated Hummingbird (Lepidopyga coeruleogularis). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from https://www.hbw.com/node/55465 on 13 November 2018).