Family Hummingbirds (Trochilidae)

Least Concern

Sapphire-throated Hummingbird (Lepidopyga coeruleogularis)


French: Colibri faux-saphir German: Blaukehlkolibri Spanish: Colibrí gorjizafiro

Trochilus (——?) cœruleogularis


, 1851,

David, Chiriquí, Panama


Has been considered closely related to Juliamyia, and sometimes placed therein. Recent study, however, indicates that this species probably belongs in Amazilia#R. L. lilliae sometimes regarded as a race, morph or age stage of present species. Race confinis occasionally considered synonymous with nominate. Three subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • L. c. coeruleogularis (Gould, 1851) – Pacific slope of W Panama from Chiriquí to Canal Zone; recently recorded in extreme S Costa Rica, near Panama border#R.
  • L. c. confinis Griscom, 1932 – E Panama (mainly Caribbean slope of Darién) and adjacent NW Colombia.
  • L. c. coelina (Bourcier, 1856) – N Colombia from N Chocó through Ciénaga Grande to Santa Marta.
  • Descriptive notes

    8·5–9·5 cm; 3·9–4·3 g. Male has straight short bill, maxilla black, mandible pinkish, tipped black; upperparts shining green, coppery... read more


    Presumed song a high-pitched metallic rattle initiated by a separate note, “wi-didididididididididi... read more


    Shrubby vegetation, open groves, forest edge, mangroves, coastal lowland up to 100 m in Santa Marta... read more

    Food and feeding

    Nectar of flowering shrubs and trees like Leguminosaceae and Myrtaceae. Arthropods are gleaned from branches and leaves, and occasionally... read more


    Jan–Mar (Panama, N Colombia), but nests have also been found in Jul (Colombia). Small, deeply-cupped nest is built openly in forks of... read more


    Sedentary; local altitudinal dispersal likely to occur.

    Status and conservation

    Not globally threatened. CITES II. Common resident in coastal Darién (Panama) and Santa Marta region (Colombia). Readily accepts man-made habitats. Part of range... read more

    Recommended citation

    Schuchmann, K.L. & Boesman, P. (2019). Sapphire-throated Hummingbird (Lepidopyga coeruleogularis). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 21 May 2019).