Family Cranes (Gruidae)


Sarus Crane (Antigone antigone)


French: Grue antigone German: Saruskranich Spanish: Grulla sarus

Ardea Antigone


, 1758,



Race gillae (misspelt gilliae in HBW) sometimes included in sharpii; fordi is a synonym. Possible race †luzonica (N Philippines, now presumed extinct) probably inseparable from sharpii. Three extant subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • A. a. antigone (Linnaeus, 1758) – S Pakistan#R, N India, Nepal and (formerly?) Bangladesh.
  • A. a. sharpii (Blanford, 1895) – Myanmar, Cambodia, S Laos and S Vietnam; winters in Vietnam.
  • A. a. gillae (Schodde et al., 1989) – N Australia (mainly Queensland, only scattered populations elsewhere).
  • Descriptive notes

    152–176 cm; 6800–12,240 g (nominate), 5400–8400 g (sharpii), 5200–8400 g (gilliae); wingspan 220–280 cm; male larger than... read more


    High-pitched penetrating calls, loudest of any crane.


    Adapted to human presence in India, using canals, irrigation ditches, village ponds, shallow... read more

    Food and feeding

    Generalist: diet widely varied, including sedge tubers, other wetland plants, upland grasses and groundnuts, waste rice and other grains;... read more


    Nesting associated with wet season throughout range: in India, breeds throughout year (except May and Jun) with Jul–Sept peak; in SE... read more


    Non-migratory in India, but there is some seasonal movement, especially during periods of drought.... read more

    Status and conservation

    VULNERABLE. CITES II. Previously considered Near Threatened. Thought to be 8000–10,000 individuals in India, and Nepal; 800–1000 in Cambodia, Laos and Vietnam,... read more

    Recommended citation

    Archibald, G.W., Meine, C.D. & Garcia, E.F.J. (2020). Sarus Crane (Antigone antigone). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 25 February 2020).