Family Pheasants, Partridges, Turkeys, Grouse (Phasianidae)

Near Threatened

Satyr Tragopan (Tragopan satyra)


French: Tragopan satyre German: Satyrtragopan Spanish: Tragopán sátiro

Meleagris satyra


, 1758,

Bengal = Sikkim, India


One genetic study indicated that present species is most closely related to T. blythii#R. Has hybridized in captivity with Lophura swinhoii. Monotypic.


Himalayas in N India from Uttarakhand (Garhwal) E through Nepal, Sikkim and Bhutan to Assam and W Arunachal Pradesh; SE Tibet (Chumbi Valley E to Lo La)#R.

Descriptive notes

Male 67–72 cm (tail 25–34·5 cm), 1600–2100 g; female c. 57·5 cm (tail c. 19·5 cm), c. 1000–1200 g. Male is Tragopan with... read more


Male advertising call, given principally in early mornings (commencing pre-dawn) for c. 75-minute... read more


In India, occurs in primary broadleaf forest between 2400 m and 4250 m. Found in damp oak ... read more

Food and feeding

Droppings in autumn contained mostly small fragments of leaves and quartz, but also grass and root parts, and an insect wing; invertebrates... read more


Mating system unknown, but male speculated to remain with female only until onset of incubation. Calling at dawn in Mar–Jun; display... read more


Little definite information, but species claimed to winter 1000–2000 m below breeding... read more

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened. Currently considered Near Threatened. Mace Lande: vulnerable. CITES III in Nepal. Occupies restricted and fragmented habitat within a range of less... read more

Recommended citation

McGowan, P.J.K. & Kirwan, G.M. (2019). Satyr Tragopan (Tragopan satyra). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 8 December 2019).