Family Hummingbirds (Trochilidae)

Near Threatened

Saw-billed Hermit (Ramphodon naevius)


French: Ermite tacheté German: Sägeschnabel-Schattenkolibri Spanish: Ermitaño picosierra

Trochilus nævius

Dumont de Sainte Croix

, 1818,

Mount Corcovado, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil


Thought by some to belong with Androdon, and placed in Trochilinae, but most morphological characters link it to hermits, notably Eutoxeres, Glaucis and Threnetes. Glaucis dohrnii often included in this genus. Description of race freitasi (Espírito Santo) did not consider intraspecific variation related to age and sex. Monotypic.


SE Brazil (S Minas Gerais and Espírito Santo to E Santa Catarina; also noted in Rio Grande do Sul).

Descriptive notes

14–16 cm; 5·3–9 g (mean 8·2 g in one study). A large hummingbird; with Eutoxeres, one of the three heaviest hermits. Easily distinguishable... read more


High-pitched “tsk tsuk tsuk tsuk” calls often given in flight while following trap-... read more


Understorey of humid littoral forest up to 500 m.

Food and feeding

Nectar of long-tubed flowers with steady-state blooming, mainly epiphytes and herbs; recorded at Justicia (Acanthaceae), ... read more


Gonadal activity indicates breeding Jul and Sept (São Paulo). Nest is loosely constructed, cone-shaped cup of plant material and... read more


No reliable information available. Presumably sedentary, although some authors have speculated that... read more

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened. CITES II. Currently considered Near Threatened. Restricted-range species: present in Atlantic Forest Lowlands EBA. At least locally common, but... read more

Recommended citation

Hinkelmann, C. & Kirwan, G.M. (2019). Saw-billed Hermit (Ramphodon naevius). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 6 December 2019).