Family Hummingbirds (Trochilidae)

Near Threatened

Saw-billed Hermit (Ramphodon naevius)


Taxonomy

French: Ermite tacheté German: Sägeschnabel-Schattenkolibri Spanish: Ermitaño picosierra
Taxonomy:

Trochilus nævius

Dumont de Sainte Croix

, 1818,

Mount Corcovado, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

.

Thought by some to belong with Androdon, and placed in Trochilinae, but most morphological characters link it to hermits, notably Eutoxeres, Glaucis and Threnetes. Glaucis dohrnii often included in this genus. Description of race freitasi (Espírito Santo) did not consider intraspecific variation related to age and sex. Monotypic.

Distribution:

SE Brazil (S Minas Gerais and Espírito Santo to E Santa Catarina; also noted in Rio Grande do Sul).

Descriptive notes

14–16 cm; 5·3–9 g (mean 8·2 g in one study). A large hummingbird; with Eutoxeres, one of the three heaviest hermits. Easily distinguishable... read more

Voice

High-pitched “tsk tsuk tsuk tsuk” calls often given in flight while following trap-... read more

Habitat

Understorey of humid littoral forest up to 500 m.

Food and feeding

Nectar of long-tubed flowers with steady-state blooming, mainly epiphytes and herbs; recorded at Justicia (Acanthaceae), ... read more

Breeding

Gonadal activity indicates breeding Jul and Sept (São Paulo). Nest is loosely constructed, cone-shaped cup of plant material and... read more

Movements

No reliable information available. Presumably sedentary, although some authors have speculated that... read more

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened. CITES II. Currently considered Near Threatened. Restricted-range species: present in Atlantic Forest Lowlands EBA. At least locally common, but... read more

Recommended citation

Hinkelmann, C. & Kirwan, G.M. (2018). Saw-billed Hermit (Ramphodon naevius). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from https://www.hbw.com/node/55346 on 21 June 2018).