French: Microtyran chevelu German: Rot-Schuppenkopftyrann Spanish: Cimerillo andino
Valley of Vitoc, Junín, Peru.
Race santaeluciae misspelt in HBW. Five subspecies recognized.
Subspecies and Distribution
L. p. luteiventris
Taczanowski, 1884 – E Honduras (foothills of the Olancho), N Nicaragua#R, Costa Rica and Panama (E to E Darién).
L. p. santaeluciae
Todd, 1952 – NW & N Venezuela (from W Zulia E to NW Anzoátegui and S to Táchira) and adjoining Colombia.
L. p. squamaecrista
(Lafresnaye, 1846) – Andes of Colombia and W Ecuador.
L. p. pileatus
(Tschudi, 1844) – Andes of E Ecuador and E Peru (S to Junín).
L. p. hypochlorus
Berlepsch & Stolzmann, 1906 – SE Peru from Cuzco (Urubamba Valley) S to Puno (R Madre de Dios).
9·7 cm; 7–8 g. Distinctive, crested tyrannid. Nominate race has long crown feathers black with rufous edging, forming distinctive crest (sometimes erected and fanned,... read more
Extremely loud trill sounding like a police whistle, as if from a much larger bird, often given... read more
Humid forest, older second growth, also in gaps and edges; foothills and lower slopes at 700–... read more
Food and feeding
Stomach contents in SE Peru included 30 prey items, of which beetles (Coleoptera) 62%, hymenopterans 16% (wasps 6%, ants 10%), hemipteran... read more
Birds in breeding condition in Mar–Jun in Colombia. Bag-like domed nest with lateral side entrance, small awning projecting above... read more
Status and conservation
Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Fairly common to common. Numerous both on Cerro Campana and in Cerro Azul-Jefe area, in Panama. Occurs in many national parks and... read more
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