Family Pigeons, Doves (Columbidae)

Least Concern

Scaled Pigeon (Patagioenas speciosa)


French: Pigeon ramiret German: Schuppenbauchtaube Spanish: Paloma escamosa

Columba speciosa

J. F. Gmelin

, 1789,



Appears to be related to P. leucocephala and P. squamosa, which exhibit some plumage similarities. Monotypic.


S Mexico (Oaxaca and Veracruz) S through Central and N South America to E Peru, N & E Bolivia and S Brazil (Santa Catarina); also Trinidad.

Descriptive notes

Male 28–34 cm, 262 g; female 28–32 cm, 225–350 g. Head purplish to reddish brown; neck feathers blackish with white subterminal spots, fringes iridescent... read more


Song is a rhythmic series of very low-pitched monotonous coos, typically starting with a double... read more


In Central America, found in humid evergreen and semi-deciduous forests, forest edges and clearings... read more

Food and feeding

Plucks small fruit from tall trees and epiphytes; partial to melastome (Hirtella) fruit. A canopy species, which may occur in... read more


Nest consists of a slightly concave platform of fine twigs and inflorescences placed in thickets 45–60 cm above ground level;... read more


Known to withdraw from Yucatán Peninsula and areas N of Isthmus of Tehuantepec during Sept... read more

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened. Fairly common to common from S Mexico to N Honduras; fairly common in Colombia. Declining in parts of Central America due to clearing of forests.

Recommended citation

Baptista, L.F., Trail, P.W., Horblit, H.M. & Boesman, P. (2019). Scaled Pigeon (Patagioenas speciosa). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 11 December 2019).