French: Carouge à tête rouge German: Rotkopfstärling Spanish: Federal
Panay island, Philippines; error = the Paraná River Delta, Argentina
NE Bolivia (Beni and Santa Cruz), most of Paraguay, and S Brazil (S from S Mato Grosso, São Paulo and Santa Catarina) S to NW & E Argentina (N Salta, Córdoba, and E Chaco S to Buenos Aires) and Uruguay.
Male average 25 cm, 86 g; female average 22·5 cm, 75 g. Distinctive red-and-black icterid with sharply pointed, chisel-shaped bill, which sometimes appears slightly upturned... read more
Song (in sexual display) variable, may include rattles or a nasal buzz. Characteristic contact call... read more
Tropical to warm-temperate marshes with abundant, tall herbaceous vegetation, particularly with... read more
Food and feeding
Diet mostly insects, and reported also as eating small frogs; may feed on cultivated maize (Zea mays) or sorghum seeds in non-... read more
Season Oct–Dec in C Argentina, extending to Feb/Mar in N Argentina. Solitary nester. Apparently monogamous and strongly territorial.... read more
Apparently resident in permanent wetlands, such as Esteros del Iberá, in Corrientes (Argentina).... read more
Status and conservation
Not globally threatened. Categorized as “vulnerable” in Argentina. Uncommon to locally fairly common. As breeding territories large, this icterid does not occur at high... read more
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