French: Ara rouge German: Scharlachara Spanish: Guacamayo macao
Two subspecies recognized.
Subspecies and Distribution
A. m. cyanopterus
Wiedenfeld, 1995 – locally SE Mexico (E Chiapas) to E Nicaragua.
A. m. macao
(Linnaeus, 1758) – Costa Rica (mainly Pacific slope), S Panama (Azuero Peninsula and Coiba I) and N & E Colombia E through Venezuela and the Guianas to C Brazil, and S to E Ecuador, E Peru and NE Bolivia.
84–89 cm; 900–1490 g. Head and most of body red; large bare facial area extending round eye white; bill whitish above, blackish below; greater and median wing-... read more
Loud and harsh calls similar to other large Ara macaws. Flight call a rasping “raah”,... read more
Largely in humid terra firme lowland evergreen forest and gallery woodland in savannas,... read more
Food and feeding
Seeds of Jacaranda, Dialium, Sclerolobium, Hymenaea, Caryocar, Licarria, Hevea... read more
Mar in Mexico; Apr in Nicaragua; Oct–Apr in Costa Rica, with flying young noted as early as Feb on Coiba I, Panama; evidence for Mar... read more
Seasonal movements in search of fruit occur, but pattern not determined other than that in Colombia... read more
Status and conservation
Not globally threatened (Least Concern). CITES I. Common over much of extensive range where habitat remote from human disturbance, with a density of 1 pair/km² in Manu... read more
Only subscribers are able to see the bibliography. Login or Subscribe to get access to a lot of extra features!