Family Honeyeaters (Meliphagidae)

Least Concern

Scarlet Myzomela (Myzomela sanguinolenta)


French: Myzomèle écarlate German: Scharlachhonigfresser Spanish: Mielero escarlata

Certhia sanguinolenta


, 1801,

Nova Hollandia = region of Port Jackson, New South Wales, Australia


Sometimes considered conspecific with M. caledonica (which see); also formerly with M. chloroptera, M. wakoloensis and M. boiei. In past, occasionally referred to by name M. dibapha. Monotypic.


Coastal and subcoastal E Australia from NE Queensland (Cape Melville) S, inland to Great Divide (W as far as e.g. Carnarvon Gorge and, in New South Wales, Warrumbungle Ranges and Southern Tablelands), to E Victoria (mainly from near Mallacoota W to Mitchell River National Park).

Descriptive notes

9–11 cm; male 6·4–13 g, female 5·5–10 g. Male is distinctive, with head and neck to upper breast and broad stripe down centre of upperbody... read more


Song rather loud, melodious, tinkling and bell-like, often consisting of phrases of 6 notes, rising... read more


Dry open sclerophyll forests and woodlands, usually dominated by eucalypts, sometimes mixed with... read more

Food and feeding

Mainly nectar; occasionally fruit and insects. Nectar mainly from Eucalyptus, Melaleuca, Callistemon, ... read more


Jul–Jan, apparently earlier in N (Jul records) and season possibly shorter in S, and fledglings once recorded in late May; one pair... read more


Partly resident and partly migratory, with some local movement or dispersal. Appears to be resident... read more

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened. Locally common. Recorded densities include 0·01–0·02 birds/ha near Armidale and 0·6 birds/ha on Hawkesbury R, both in New... read more

Recommended citation

Higgins, P., Christidis, L. & Ford, H. (2020). Scarlet Myzomela (Myzomela sanguinolenta). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 25 February 2020).