J. F. Gmelin, 1789,
New York, USA.
In the past, has been been regarded as most closely related to P. ludoviciana, in part due to limited hybridization with latter species, but cladistic analysis based on mitochondrial DNA indicates that they are not each other’s closest relative. P. ludoviciana appears to be most closely related to P. bidentata and the “P. flava group”, the three forming a clade; depending on analyses used, the present species would be either a sister taxon to this clade, or sister to this clade and P. rubra. Monotypic.
E Canada (SE Saskatchewan [rare] and SE Manitoba E to S Quebec and Nova Scotia) S in E USA to N Arkansas, N Alabama, W North Carolina and Virginia and W to E South Dakota and E Kansas. Migrates to Panama and NW South America, mainly in W Amazon Basin from Colombia, E Ecuador and E Peru S to C Bolivia.
Food and feeding
Status and conservation
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