Family Turacos (Musophagidae)

Least Concern

Schalow's Turaco (Tauraco schalowi)


French: Touraco de Schalow German: Schalowturako Spanish: Turaco de Schalow

Corythaix schalowi


, 1891,



Phylogenetic study suggests this species may be part of a clade that contains also T. hartlaubi, T. schuettii, T. livingstonii, T. fischeri, T. corythaix and T. persa#R. Formerly considered conspecific with T. livingstonii and T. corythaix, but vocal differences and analysis of chromosome banding suggest that recognition as full species more appropriate. Several races described for E populations, including loitanus (SW Kenya), chalcolophus (NE Tanzanian highlands) and marungensis (L Malawi region), but all regarded as of doubtful validity. Monotypic.


W, C & E Angola (N to Malanje and Calandula), S DRCongo and Zambia to NE Namibia (Caprivi Strip), NE Botswana and NW Zimbabwe (W of Victoria Falls), Mozambique, Malawi (W of the Rift), and W Tanzania from Ufipa to Gombe Stream National Park; smaller, disjunct population in SW Kenya and N Tanzania from Mara Game Reserve and Loita Hills S to N & W Serengeti National Park, Crater and Mbulu Highlands and Mt Hanang, and W to Mwanza District.

Descriptive notes

41–44 cm; male 236–261 g, female 208–267 g. Similar to T. livingstonii, but with longer and more attenuated crest (80–112 mm), more greenish... read more


Main call a series of 6–10 raucous cawing notes, the first two typically shorter, less harsh and... read more


Gallery or evergreen forest, thickets and riparian woodland, from 600 m to 2500 m.

Food and feeding

Primarily a fruit-eater. On Nyika Plateau in Malawi, favours Cryptocarya liebertiana, Drypetes gerradii, Cassine... read more


Breeds Dec–Mar in SW Tanzania, Jul–Oct in Kenya, Oct–Dec in Malawi, and Oct–Jan in Zambia. Nest a flimsy structure... read more


Largely sedentary throughout its range.

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened. CITES II. Common on Nyika Plateau, Malawi, where 43 small areas of forest totalling 157 ha contained 39 pairs, giving average territory 4 ha/pair. read more

Recommended citation

Turner, D.A. & Boesman, P. (2019). Schalow's Turaco (Tauraco schalowi). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 22 August 2019).