Family Pheasants, Partridges, Turkeys, Grouse (Phasianidae)

Least Concern

Schlegel's Francolin (Peliperdix schlegelii)


French: Francolin de Schlegel German: Schlegelfrankolin Spanish: Francolín de Schlegel

Francolinus Schlegelii


, 1863,

Bussere (Bongo) River, Bahr el Ghazal, South Sudan


Closely related to P. coqui and P. albogularis; previously considered a race of former. Proposed race confusus (Cameroon) considered invalid. Monotypic.


WC Cameroon E through N Central African Republic and S Chad to W South Sudan.

Descriptive notes

21–25 cm; male c. 251 g, female c. 223 g. A small francolin with a mainly rusty-orange or rufous-yellow head contrasting with dusky-brown crown and eyestripe. Usually... read more


Advertising call, which resembles that of P. coqui and P. albogularis but is... read more


Savanna woodland, at least in Sudan especially where tree Isoberlinia doka (Fabaceae) is... read more

Food and feeding

Takes leaves of Isoberlinia doka from ground, and seeds of grass and grain; also feeds on caterpillars. Usually observed in pairs... read more


In Sudan lays in Sept–Nov. Probably monogamous, as typically observed in pairs during breeding season. Nest a slight hollow lined... read more


Sedentary. Flies only short distances, remaining silent in process.

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Mace Lande: insufficient information. Range estimated at c. 550,000 km². Considered a candidate for inclusion in Red Data Book... read more

Recommended citation

McGowan, P.J.K. & Kirwan, G.M. (2019). Schlegel's Francolin (Peliperdix schlegelii). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 6 December 2019).