Family Hummingbirds (Trochilidae)

Endangered

Scissor-tailed Hummingbird (Hylonympha macrocerca)


Taxonomy

French: Colibri à queue en ciseaux German: Scherenschwanznymphe Spanish: Colibrí tijereta
Taxonomy:

Hylonympha macrocerca

Gould

, 1873,

no locality = Cerro Azul, Venezuela

.

Monotypic.

Distribution:

Paria Peninsula region (E from cerros Humo, Patao, El Olvido and Azul), in NE Venezuela.

Descriptive notes

Male 19 cm (including 9–10 cm tail), 7–7·5 g; female 12–13 cm, 6·5–8 g. Male has long, slightly decurved black bill; glittering violet... read more

Voice

Presumed song a short, pulsating burst, repeated every 2–2·5 seconds, “tsi-si-sip...tsi-si-sip...... read more

Habitat

Mainly damp mossy forest with high trees and cloudforest in subtropical and lower subtropical zone... read more

Food and feeding

Nectar is taken mainly from bromeliads in cloudforest; in secondary growth main food plants are Heliconia aurea and Costus... read more

Breeding

No information.

Movements

Sedentary.

Status and conservation

ENDANGERED. CITES II. Restricted-range species: present in Caripe-Paria Region EBA. Locally fairly common; endemic to Paria Peninsula. Little-known; previously listed as... read more

Recommended citation

Heynen, I., Züchner, T., de Juana, E., Boesman, P. & Sharpe, C.J. (2019). Scissor-tailed Hummingbird (Hylonympha macrocerca). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from https://www.hbw.com/node/55541 on 19 February 2019).