French: Oriole jaune-verdâtre German: Kalifornientrupial Spanish: Turpial de Scott
SW USA (S California, Nevada, Utah, New Mexico and Texas, rare in S Wyoming and W Colorado) S to W & C Mexico (to S Baja California, Michoacán and Oaxaca); non-breeding range mostly in Mexico.
19–22 cm; male average 34·7 g, female average 31·4 g. Male has head, breast and upperparts black, rump and uppertail-coverts yellow; upperwing black, pale... read more
Song, by both sexes, rather long, with repetitions of short series of flute-like warbles,... read more
Breeds in arid and semi-arid foothills and canyons with open woodland. Woodland types include... read more
Food and feeding
Insects and other arthropods, small vertebrates, fruit and nectar. Insect prey include lepidopteran caterpillars, also grasshoppers and... read more
Season Apr–May; reportedly double-brooded. Probably monogamous; pair-bond often maintained for entire breeding season, but only five... read more
Medium-distance migrant, with little overlap between breeding and non-breeding ranges. Most winter... read more
Status and conservation
Not globally threatened. Uncommon to locally common. Annual censuses in USA reveal slight fluctuations in numbers. Tolerates moderate habitat modification, and frequently... read more
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