Family Finches (Fringillidae)

Least Concern

Scrub Euphonia (Euphonia affinis)


French: Organiste de brousse German: Buschorganist Spanish: Eufonia matorralera

Tanagra [Euphonia] affinis


, 1842,

Realejo, Nicaragua


May form a monophyletic species group with E. luteicapilla, E. chlorotica and E. trinitatis. Three subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • E. a. godmani Brewster, 1889 – Pale-vented Euphonia – Pacific slope of Mexico from SE Sonora S to C Guerrero.
  • E. a. olmecorum Dickerman, 1981 – Gulf slope of Mexico from Nuevo León, S Tamaulipas and E San Luis Potosí S to N Chiapas.
  • E. a. affinis (Lesson, 1842) – Scrub Euphonia – Yucatán Peninsula S through Belize and Guatemala to N Honduras; Pacific slope of Mexico from W Oaxaca S along coast to NW Costa Rica (Guanacaste).
  • Descriptive notes

    9 cm; 8·5–12·8 g. Small, short-tailed euphonia with black-and-yellow pattern typical of many in genus; bill short and stubby. Male nominate race has... read more


    Call of 1–3 pure thin whistles, “dee-dee-dee”, sometimes followed by 2 or 3 more... read more


    Variety of semi-open, drier or lightly wooded areas, including dry forest, forest borders, second... read more

    Food and feeding

    Primarily frugivorous, taking berries of mistletoe (Loranthaceae) and many other small fruits, including figs (Ficus), ... read more


    Nest with eggs in May in Mexico; breeding reported in dry season, Nov–Apr, in Costa Rica. Covered, football-shaped nest with side... read more


    Resident. Some local wandering likely during post-breeding period.

    Status and conservation

    Not globally threatened. Widespread and fairly numerous throughout its mainly lowland range. Status in El Salvador, which is almost entirely deforested, is uncertain,... read more

    Recommended citation

    Hilty, S. (2020). Scrub Euphonia (Euphonia affinis). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 28 January 2020).