French: Bruant maritime German: Strandammer Spanish: Chingolo costero
Great Egg Harbor, New Jersey, USA
Subspecies and Distribution
A. m. maritima
(A. Wilson, 1811) – Seaside Sparrow – coastal E USA from New Hampshire and Massachusetts S to extreme N North Carolina; non-breeding S to NE Florida.
A. m. macgillivraii
(Audubon, 1834) – North Carolina S to extreme SE Georgia and NE Florida.
A. m. sennetti
(J. A. Allen, 1888) – coastal S Texas (from Aransas County S to Nueces Bay); winters S to mouth of Rio Grande.
A. m. fisheri
(Chapman, 1899) – San Antonio Bay (Refugio County), in SE Texas, E to SW Alabama; non-breeding SW to Nueces County, in Texas.
A. m. juncicola
(Griscom & Nichols, 1920) – coastal NW Florida from Escambia County E to Taylor County.
A. m. peninsulae
(J. A. Allen, 1888) – W Florida from about Dixie County S to Old Tampa Bay.
A. m. mirabilis
(A. H. Howell, 1919) – Cape Sable Sparrow – SW Florida from vicinity of Everglades SE (formerly) to Cape Sable.
A. m. nigrescens
(Ridgway, 1874) – Dusky Sparrow – coastal EC Florida.
12·5–15 cm; 18·9–28·7 g. A small sparrow with rather long and narrow conical bill, and relatively short tail with “sharp”... read more
Song a buzzy “spitsh-sheer, tup tup zee eeeee”, or “oka-chee weeee”,... read more
Edge and interior of saltmarsh in most of range; occupies wettest, muddiest parts of marsh, nesting... read more
Food and feeding
Largely animal matter, which accounts for more than 80% of diet in some places. Eats marine insects, small snails (Gastropoda) and crabs (... read more
Season late Mar to Aug; some pairs double-brooded. Monogamous. Nest built by female alone, a cup of dry grasses, lined with finer grasses,... read more
S populations sedentary. N populations (nominate race) move S to wintering grounds from Virginia to... read more
Status and conservation
Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Classified as “Highest Concern” in the USA (Red WatchList priority species for conservation). Race mirabilis... read more
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