French: Coucal du Sénégal German: Spornkuckuck Spanish: Cucal senegalés
Other common names:
Rufous-bellied Coucal (“epomidis”)
Subspecies and Distribution
C. s. aegyptius
(J. F. Gmelin, 1788) – Egypt from R Nile S to El Minya.
C. s. senegalensis
Linnaeus, 1766 – Senegal and Gambia E to Uganda, W Kenya, Eritrea, Ethiopia and Somalia, and S to NW Angola, SC DRCongo and L Victoria.
C. s. flecki
Reichenow, 1893 – E Angola, NE Namibia and N Botswana E through S DRCongo (Shaba), Zambia and Zimbabwe to Malawi and SW Tanzania.
36–42 cm; male 169 g, female 171 g. Black glossed green above, from forehead to mantle; back and wings rusty-brown, rump unbarred black, tail blackish with green gloss... read more
Deep tooting notes, falling in pitch then rising at end, in “water-bottle” call like... read more
Coarse grass, thickets in woodland, edge of reedbeds, dense riverine bush, scrub, sugarcane... read more
Food and feeding
Insects (grasshoppers, caterpillars, termites, beetles, bugs), frogs, small rodents, reptiles, birds, bird eggs and nestlings, snails.... read more
Breeds during rains, while grass is pliant and high enough to provide nest material and cover: Mar–Aug in Egypt, May–Oct in N... read more
Resident in most of its range; locally migratory in more arid areas, as in N Mali and C Sudan (W... read more
Status and conservation
Not globally threatened. Common in much of its sizeable range, e.g. abundant throughout Sierra Leone except in high forest. Has expanded its range from beginning of 20th... read more
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