Family Tyrant-flycatchers (Tyrannidae)

Least Concern

Sepia-capped Flycatcher (Leptopogon amaurocephalus)


Taxonomy

French: Pipromorphe à tête brune German: Braunkappen-Laubtyrann Spanish: Orejero coronipardo
Taxonomy:

Lept[opogon]. amaurocephalus

Tschudi

, 1846,

São Paulo, Brazil

.

Races may be divided into three plumage types, “amaurocephalus group” (including pileatus and idius), single-taxon “diversus group”, and “peruvianus group” (with orinocensis); these intergrade with one another, and many specimens from S Mexico closely resemble others from NE Argentina. Differences within populations exceed those alleged to occur among many of the named races; proposed taxon faustus (Nicaragua S to C Panama) indistinguishable from pileatus, and obscuritergum (S Venezuela) inseparable from orinocensis. Six subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • L. a. pileatus Cabanis, 1866 – #Rhumid lowlands from S Mexico (S Veracruz, N Oaxaca) and Yucatán Peninsula S to C Panama.
  • L. a. idius Wetmore, 1957 – Coiba I, off SW Panama.
  • L. a. diversus Todd, 1913 – NC Colombia (from Santa Marta region and Magdalena Valley S to Tolima) and extreme NW Venezuela (Zulia).
  • L. a. orinocensis J. T. Zimmer & Phelps, Sr, 1946 – Venezuela (from S Táchira, Barinas and Portuguesa E to Bolívar and Amazonas), the Guianas and N Brazil (Amapá).
  • L. a. peruvianus P. L. Sclater & Salvin, 1868 – E Colombia (S from Norte de Santander), E Ecuador, E Peru, N Bolivia (Beni, La Paz, Cochabamba), and W Brazil (Amazonas and Rondônia E to N Mato Grosso).
  • L. a. amaurocephalus Tschudi, 1846 – S & E Brazil (S from Mato Grosso, S Maranhão and Pernambuco), E Bolivia (Santa Cruz S to E Tarija), Paraguay and NW & NE Argentina (S to Salta, Jujuy, Misiones and Corrientes).
  • Descriptive notes

    13·5 cm; 12 g. Nominate race is warm buffy olive above, crown warm sepia-brown; lores mottled whitish; face and auricular patch mottled whitish to pale yellow, bordered... read more

    Voice

    Squeaky, explosive trill often preceded or followed by 1–2 sharp notes, “skeet-jt-jt-jt-jt-jt... read more

    Habitat

    Lowland tropical forests, from moist evergreen forest and gallery forest to deciduous woodland; in... read more

    Food and feeding

    Arthropods; small fruit and berries also eaten. Two stomachs from Surinam packed with butterfly (Lepidoptera) remains; stomach contents... read more

    Breeding

    Season Feb–May in Middle America and Aug–Dec in S portion of range. Nest (in Mexico and Brazil) globular, with side entrance,... read more

    Movements

    Resident.

    Status and conservation

    Not globally threatened. Uncommon to locally fairly common. Occurs in many national parks and other protected areas throughout its large range, e.g. Lamanai Archaeological... read more

    Recommended citation

    Fitzpatrick, J. (2019). Sepia-capped Flycatcher (Leptopogon amaurocephalus). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from https://www.hbw.com/node/57236 on 12 December 2019).