Family Barn-owls (Tytonidae)

Data Deficient

Seram Masked-owl (Tyto almae)


French: Effraie de Céram German: Serameule Spanish: Lechuza de Seram

Tyto almae

Jønsson et al.

, 2013,

Mount Binaiya, Waensela above Kanikeh Village, 1350 m, Manusela National Park, Seram, Moluccas


Closely related to T. novaehollandiae, T. aurantia, T. nigrobrunnea and T. inexspectata. Differs in morphology, coloration and DNA (mitochondrial cytochrome b) from T. novaehollandiae and previously recognized species sororcula and manusi more than those three differ from one another. Present species estimated to have diverged c. 1.7 million years ago#R. Monotypic.


Seram, in Moluccas#R.

Descriptive notes

31 cm; 540 g (type specimen). Upperparts including most upperwing-coverts densely and irregularly spotted with fuscous on an ochre-buff to orangy-buff background, the fuscous... read more


Only vocalizations known from captured bird: screaming calls, probably of distress, similar to... read more


Type collected in wet, mossy highland forest c. 15 m high, characterized by Fagaceae (dominated by... read more

Food and feeding

No information.


No information.


Probably sedentary.

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened. Currently classified as Data Deficient. Restricted-range species: present in Seram EBA. There are only two records of Tyto from Seram,... read more

Recommended citation

Fjeldså, J., Marks, J.S. & Sharpe, C.J. (2019). Seram Masked-owl (Tyto almae). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 18 August 2019).