Family Tyrant-flycatchers (Tyrannidae)

Near Threatened

Serra do Mar Tyrannulet (Phylloscartes difficilis)


French: Tyranneau des Ihering German: Olivgrau-Laubtyrann Spanish: Orejerito de Serra do Mar

Guracava difficilis

H. von Ihering and R. von Ihering

, 1907,

Campos do Itatiaia, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil




SE Brazil from SE Minas Gerais and SW Espírito Santo S to NE Rio Grande do Sul.

Descriptive notes

11–11·5 cm; c. 7–8 g. Plumage is bright olive above, with prominent white eyering and supraloral stripe, bordered below by blackish lores and area below... read more


Rapid chatter of thin, rather harsh notes.


Humid montane forest and its shrubby borders, from 950 m to 2150 m.

Food and feeding

Arthropods. Forages singly or in pairs, only rarely with mixed-species flocks, in understorey and dense growth of humid vegetation.... read more


No data. Season presumably Sept–Jan. Fledgling recorded in Dec.



Status and conservation

Not globally threatened. Currently considered Near-threatened. Restricted-range species: present in Atlantic Forest Mountains EBA. Uncommon. Observed regularly in Itatiaia... read more

Recommended citation

Fitzpatrick, J. & Bonan, A. (2020). Serra do Mar Tyrannulet (Phylloscartes difficilis). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 18 January 2020).