Family Tyrant-flycatchers (Tyrannidae)

Near Threatened

Serra do Mar Tyrannulet (Phylloscartes difficilis)


French: Tyranneau des Ihering German: Olivgrau-Laubtyrann Spanish: Orejerito de Serra do Mar

Guracava difficilis

H. von Ihering and R. von Ihering

, 1907,

Campos do Itatiaia, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil




SE Brazil from SE Minas Gerais and SW Espírito Santo S to NE Rio Grande do Sul.

Descriptive notes

11–11·5 cm; c. 7–8 g. Plumage is bright olive above, with prominent white eyering and supraloral stripe, bordered below by blackish lores and area below eye; face... read more


Rapid chatter of thin, rather harsh notes.


Humid montane forest and its shrubby borders, from 950 m to 2150 m.

Food and feeding

Arthropods. Forages singly or in pairs, only rarely with mixed-species flocks, in understorey and dense growth of humid vegetation.... read more


No data. Season presumably Sept–Jan.



Status and conservation

Not globally threatened. Currently considered Near-threatened. Restricted-range species: present in Atlantic Forest Mountains EBA. Uncommon. Observed regularly in Itatiaia... read more

Recommended citation

Fitzpatrick, J. (2019). Serra do Mar Tyrannulet (Phylloscartes difficilis). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 24 June 2019).