Africa = southern Angola.
This species and V. fischeri are sometimes placed together in a separate genus, Tetraenura; the two may be sisters#R. Occasionally hybridizes with indigobirds (species undetermined) in the wild. Birds in S Mozambique described as race woltersi, but do not differ constantly in plumage colour from those elsewhere in species’ range. Monotypic.
S Angola, S & W Zambia, N & E Namibia, Botswana, Zimbabwe, S Mozambique, and N South Africa (Limpopo Province S to extreme N Northern Cape, N & W Free State and N Mpumalanga).
Food and feeding
Status and conservation
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