Family Tyrant-flycatchers (Tyrannidae)

Vulnerable

Sharp-tailed Tyrant (Culicivora caudacuta)


Taxonomy

French: Tyranneau à queue aiguë German: Spitzschwanz-Grastyrann Spanish: Tachurí coludo
Taxonomy:

Muscicapa caudacuta

Vieillot

, 1818,

Paraguay

.

Monotypic.

Distribution:

Locally in C & E Bolivia (La Paz, Beni, Santa Cruz), C & S Brazil (Tocantins#R and S Bahia S to Mato Grosso, Mato Grosso do Sul, S Minas Gerais, São Paulo and Paraná; also Santa Catarina and Rio Grande do Sul), E Paraguay and N Argentina (S to Santa Fe, Entre Ríos and Corrientes).

Descriptive notes

10·5 cm. Distinctively plumaged tyrannid with unique long, graduated tail. Male has blackish crown, slightly bushy, bordered below by broad white supercilium, narrow black... read more

Voice

Song a series of weak, short, ascending burry whistles, “tweee tweee tweee”, presumably by male, as... read more

Habitat

Campo and dry grassland, wetter and taller portions of native grassland, especially where... read more

Food and feeding

Insects; possibly also seeds. Forages in pairs or in small, tight groups of up to five (sometimes to ten) individuals; occasionally joins... read more

Breeding

Oct–Mar. Nest an elaborate open cup, external diameter 5 cm, internal diameter 3 cm, cup depth 4 cm, made of grasses, other plant... read more

Movements

Resident.

Status and conservation

VULNERABLE. Previously considered Near Threatened. Mostly rare and very localized; locally fairly common; possibly most abundant and widespread in E Bolivia. Habitat loss... read more

Recommended citation

Fitzpatrick, J. & de Juana, E. (2019). Sharp-tailed Tyrant (Culicivora caudacuta). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from https://www.hbw.com/node/57188 on 10 December 2019).