Family Pigeons, Doves (Columbidae)

Least Concern

Short-billed Brown-dove (Phapitreron brevirostris)


French: Phapitréron à bec court German: Kurzschnabel-Ohrstreiftaube Spanish: Vinago pardo piquicorto

Phabotreron brevirostris


, 1877,

Pasananca, Mindanao, Philippine Islands


Hitherto considered conspecific with P. leucotis and P. nigrorum but, in light of a recent review#R and further assessment of the morphological evidence, P. leucotisP. nigrorum and P. brevirostris are here separated at species level on the following grounds. P. brevirostris differs from P. leucotis in its buffy-whitish (not vinous-russet) throat (2); strong buffy-white (not pale grey) forecrown (1); strong pink (not bronzy-russet) on hindneck, pinker tinge on neck-sides and breast, with stronger metallic blue centre of mantle (2); and shorter bill (effect size 3.07, score 2). P. brevirostris differs from  P. nigrorum in its whitish (not buffy) throat (1); white (not buffy) subcilial streak (2); strong buffy-white (not brownish-grey) forecrown shading to pinkish (not greenish) hindcrown and much more pinkish mantle and neck-sides, stronger metallic blue centre of mantle (3); and smaller size (effect size for tail 1.84, score 1). Proposed races albifrons and samarensis are treated as synonyms of nominate#R. Two subspecies recognized.

What do (1) and (2) mean? Learn more about the scoring system.
Subspecies and Distribution
  • P. b. brevirostris (Tweeddale, 1877) – SE Philippines: Samar, Biliran, Leyte, Calicoan, Bohol, Siquijor, Camiguin Sur, Dinagat, Siargao, Mindanao, and Balut (off S Mindanao).
  • P. b. occipitalis (Salvadori, 1893) – S Philippines: Basilan and Sulu Is (Jolo).
  • Descriptive notes

    23 cm; 100–128 g. See Taxonomy comments for differences between this species and formerly conspecific P. nigrorum and P. leucotis. Sexes similar. Juvenile... read more


    Not formally described but, like other members of P. leucotis complex, song is a clearly... read more


    Few specific data. Frequents second growth and montane forest as well as the margins of cultivated... read more

    Food and feeding

    No specific information available. Known to consume fruits and seeds.


    Presumably similar to P. leucotis; eggs recorded on Mindanao in May and birds in breeding condition on Siquijor in Mar–May.


    Resident and sedentary.

    Status and conservation

    Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Still considered common or very common across its wide range (estimated at 122,000 km²), and reportedly abundant on Basilan. Occurs... read more

    Recommended citation

    del Hoyo, J., Collar, N., Kirwan, G.M. & Garcia, E.F.J. (2019). Short-billed Brown-dove (Phapitreron brevirostris). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 13 December 2019).