Family Ovenbirds (Furnariidae)

Least Concern

Short-billed Leaftosser (Sclerurus rufigularis)


French: Sclérure à bec court German: Kurzschnabel-Laubwender Spanish: Tirahojas piquicorto

Sclerurus rufigularis


, 1868,

Borba, Amazonas, Rio Madeira, Brazil


Plumage similarities have suggested to most authors that this species and S. mexicanus (which see) are sisters. Four subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • S. r. fulvigularis Todd, 1920 – S Venezuela (Amazonas, Bolívar), the Guianas and N Brazil (probably in Roraima).
  • S. r. brunnescens Todd, 1948 – SE Colombia (S from Meta and Vaupés), W Brazil N of R Amazon (E to possibly right bank of R Negro), E Ecuador and NE Peru (N of R Amazon in Amazonas, Loreto, San Martín and recently recorded in SW Ucayali#R).
  • S. r. furfurosus Todd, 1948 – N Brazil N of R Amazon (E from possibly R Negro).
  • S. r. rufigularis Pelzeln, 1868 – S of R Amazon in NE Peru (N Loreto), Brazil (Amazonas E to Maranhão, S to N Mato Grosso) and E Bolivia (E Beni, NE Santa Cruz).
  • Descriptive notes

    15–16 cm; 19–25 g. Nominate race has face dark brownish, faintly grizzled; crown dark brown with reddish tones, very faint darker feather margins; back dark... read more


    Song a high-pitched fast series of notes that descend, then ascend and accelerate, and then level... read more


    Tropical lowland evergreen forest, terra firme. From near sea-level to 500 m, locally to... read more

    Food and feeding

    Invertebrates; alate termites (Isoptera) recorded. Usually solitary. Terrestrial; hops on ground, does not walk. Gleans items from ground... read more


    Nest not described, apparently similar to that of congeners; territory size near Manaus (Brazil) c. 17 ha from radio-telemetry studies. No... read more



    Status and conservation

    Not globally threatened. Rare to locally uncommon; fairly common in S Venezuela; distribution patchy. Estimated density 1–4 birds/km2 at four sites in French Guiana.... read more

    Recommended citation

    Remsen, J.V., Jr (2019). Short-billed Leaftosser (Sclerurus rufigularis). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 20 November 2019).