Family Monarch-flycatchers (Monarchidae)

Near Threatened

Short-crested Monarch (Hypothymis helenae)


French: Tchitrec d’Hélène German: Helenamonarch Spanish: Monarca de Helena

Cyanomyas [sic] Helenae


, 1890,

Samar, Philippines


Three subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • H. h. personata (McGregor, 1907) – Camiguin Norte (off N Luzon), in N Philippines.
  • H. h. helenae (Steere, 1890) – Luzon, Polillo Is, Catanduanes and Samar (N Philippines).
  • H. h. agusanae Rand, 1970 – Dinagat, Siargao and E Mindanao (Agusan), in EC & SE Philippines.
  • Descriptive notes

    c. 14 cm; 9·2–10·3 g. Male nominate race has long crest (20 mm), large eye wattle; lores, eyering and chin black, forming velvet-like mask, narrowly edged bright cobalt... read more


    Call a high-pitched rapid, slightly metallic series of 8–12 syllables, “pi-pi-pi-pi-pi-pi-pi-... read more


    Little information; generally found in understorey of forest, below 1000 m.

    Food and feeding

    No information on diet; probably feeds on insects. Seen singly or in pairs, nearly always in mixed feeding flocks.


    Birds in breeding condition (enlarged gonads) in Apr and May. An empty nest found in Apr was in a fork of a small tree c. 1 m above the... read more



    Status and conservation

    Not globally threatened. Currently considered Near Threatened. Restricted-range species: present in Luzon EBA and Mindanao and the Eastern Visayas EBA. Rare everywhere in... read more

    Recommended citation

    Moeliker, K. & de Juana, E. (2017). Short-crested Monarch (Hypothymis helenae). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 20 November 2017).