Myrmelastes exsul maculifer
Paramba, 3500 feet [c. 1065 m], Esmeraldas, Ecuador.
Hitherto considered conspecific with P. exsul, but (although voices appear identical) differs in its white spots on wing-coverts (3); brighter underparts in female (1); paler grey underparts in male (1); olive-chestnut vs dark chestnut upperparts in both sexes (ns); shorter tail (effect size −4.9, score 2); narrow zone of hybridization (2). Two subspecies recognized.
Food and feeding
Status and conservation
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