Family Ground-antbirds (Formicariidae)

Least Concern

Short-tailed Antthrush (Chamaeza campanisona)


Taxonomy

French: Tétéma flambé German: Streifenbrust-Ameisendrossel Spanish: Tovacá colicorto
Taxonomy:

Myiothera campanisona

M. H. C. Lichtenstein

, 1823,

São Paulo, south-east Brazil

.

Probably closest to C. nobilis and C. meruloides. Races form five vocal groups#R, some so distinctive that species rank is probably appropriate, but much research still needed: group 1 (fulvescens, obscura, yavii, huachamacarii) has an extreme acceleration and lowest frequency; group 2 (venezuelana) has lowest number of notes in song, slowest pace at start, slowest pace at end, longest notes and shortest song; group 3 (columbiana, punctigula) is most like group 2, but is longer, with more, shorter notes; group 4 (olivacea, berlepschi, boliviana) has many more notes, delivered much faster; group 5 (nominate, tshororo) is like group 4 but with many fewer notes in second part of song. Similarities in these groups suggest that group 1 may form one species, groups 2 and 3 a second, and groups 4 and 5 a third. Race tshororo doubtfully distinct from nominate. Population of N Ceará (NE Brazil), presently included in nominate race, may represent an undescribed taxon, possibly even a separate species#R. Twelve subspecies currently recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • C. c. fulvescens Salvin & Godman, 1882 – Roraiman Short-tailed Antthrush – E Venezuela (Mt Roraima), W Guyana (Pacaraima Mts) and C Suriname (Tafelberg)#R.
  • C. c. obscura J. T. Zimmer & Phelps, Sr, 1944 – SE Venezuela in Bolívar (including Gran Sabana, except Mt Roraima) and S Amazonas (Cerro Calentura and Cerro de la Neblina).
  • C. c. yavii Phelps, Sr & Phelps, Jr, 1947 – Cerro Yaví (SC Venezuela).
  • C. c. huachamacarii Phelps, Sr & Phelps, Jr, 1951 – Cerro Huachamacari (S Venezuela).
  • C. c. venezuelana Ménégaux & Hellmayr, 1906 – Venezuelan Short-tailed Antthrush – NW Venezuela in interior chain in Aragua and Coastal Range E to Miranda and Andes W to W Táchira.
  • C. c. columbiana Berlepsch & Stolzmann, 1896 – Colombian Short-tailed Antthrush – Amazonian slope of Andes in Colombia.
  • C. c. punctigula Chapman, 1924 – E Ecuador and N Peru (N of R Marañón).
  • C. c. olivacea Tschudi, 1844 – Peruvian Short-tailed Antthrush – C Peru.
  • C. c. berlepschi Stolzmann, 1926 – SE Peru; presumably also extreme W Bolivia (extreme W La Paz).
  • C. c. boliviana Hellmayr & Seilern, 1912 – Andean slope of Bolivia from La Paz SE to Santa Cruz.
  • C. c. campanisona (M. H. C. Lichtenstein, 1823) – Brazilian Short-tailed Antthrush – E & SE Brazil locally in Ceará (Serra do Baturité) and Alagoas (Quebrangulo) and from S Bahia S to Santa Catarina.
  • C. c. tshororo A. W. Bertoni, 1901 – E Paraguay, S Brazil (S Mato Grosso do Sul, W Paraná, Rio Grande do Sul) and NE Argentina (Misiones, Corrientes).
  • Descriptive notes

    19–20 cm; 64–112 g. Adult has crown rufescent brown or brown; black spot on forehead directly above bill, white lores, white postocular streak; back, wings and... read more

    Voice

    Song of punctigula and venezuelana of two parts, a series 4–7 seconds long... read more

    Habitat

    Humid montane forest and mature secondary woodland, usually with fairly open understorey; also dry... read more

    Food and feeding

    Diet varied, including spiders, insects and fruit. Food items brought to nestlings in Argentina were arthropods (51% caterpillars). Alone,... read more

    Breeding

    Breeds in May–Jul in coastal Venezuela; birds with enlarged testes in Sept in NE Argentina (Corrientes) and in Sept–Dec in... read more

    Movements

    Mainly resident; during non-breeding season in coastal Venezuela, communal roosts with up to 20... read more

    Status and conservation

    Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Generally uncommon to locally fairly common; uncommon in Peru, locally fairly common in Venezuela. Occurs in several protected areas... read more

    Recommended citation

    Krabbe, N.K. & Schulenberg, T.S. (2018). Short-tailed Antthrush (Chamaeza campanisona). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from https://www.hbw.com/node/56865 on 11 December 2018).