Family Tyrant-flycatchers (Tyrannidae)

Least Concern

Short-tailed Pygmy-tyrant (Myiornis ecaudatus)


Taxonomy

French: Microtyran à queue courte German: Stummelschwanz-Zwergtyrann Spanish: Mosqueta colicorta
Taxonomy:

T[odirostrum]. ecaudatum

d’Orbigny and Lafresnaye

, 1837,

Yuracares, Bolivia

.

See M. atricapillus (above). Two subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • M. e. miserabilis (C. Chubb, 1919) – E Colombia, W, N & S Venezuela (Táchira, Mérida, Barinas, Carabobo, Aragua, Amazonas, Bolívar), Trinidad, the Guianas, and N Brazil N of Amazon (E from upper R Negro).
  • M. e. ecaudatus (d’Orbigny & Lafresnaye, 1837) – Amazon Basin of E Ecuador, E Peru, Brazil S of Amazon (E to Pará) and N & E Bolivia (S to Cochabamba and Santa Cruz).
  • Descriptive notes

    6·5 cm; 4·2 g. Tiny, the smallest passerine, looking nearly tail-less. Nominate race has dark grey head with very prominent white supraloral spot, white eyering... read more

    Voice

    High-pitched and faint, very insect-like or frog-like, easily mistaken as a non-bird sound; most... read more

    Habitat

    Humid forest, forest gaps and edges, also adjacent clearings and second growth; lowlands and... read more

    Food and feeding

    Insects. Usually found singly or in pairs, rarely following mixed-species flocks. Forages mostly high in canopy, venturing lower in areas... read more

    Breeding

    Eggs from mid-Jun to mid-Sept in Amazonian Brazil; nest with nearly fledged young in late Aug and single breeding record in Jan in... read more

    Movements

    Resident.

    Status and conservation

    Not globally threatened. Uncommon to locally fairly common; frequently overlooked. Occurs in many national parks and other protected areas throughout its range.

    Recommended citation

    Clock, B. (2018). Short-tailed Pygmy-tyrant (Myiornis ecaudatus). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from https://www.hbw.com/node/57257 on 11 December 2018).